Adjustable Gastric Band
The adjustable gastric band is a constricting ring placed around the stomach to reduce the amount of food it holds at one time. This procedure uses a minimally-invasive laparoscope to place the adjustable band around the stomach.
Type of Procedure: Gastric Restrictive
This is purely a gastric restrictive procedure, and it can be adjusted, if necessary, during an office visit.
Pure gastric restrictive procedures tend to be the simplest weight loss procedures, but they also require stricter discipline for successful weight loss. It is possible to defeat the adjustable gastric band surgery by gradually stretching the constricted stomach pouch, or by eating so frequently that weight loss eventually stops, or even reverses.
Nevertheless, a loss of nearly 40 percent of excess weight is common with this procedure. The adjustable gastric band is simple and has the fewest complications of any weight loss procedure. Other than tightly restricting the amount of food eaten, it creates few other changes in eating and digestion.
Laparoscopic procedures are operations performed with special tools through small holes in the skin. Instead of the large incision used in traditional surgery, the physician makes a few small holes and inserts tools and a small video camera. This method allows the physician to see and work with great precision.
- Fewer cosmetic issues
- Less risk of incision infections
- Less risk of hernias
- Fastest recovery
- Band can be adjusted at an office visit
- Procedure usually leads to a 40 to 50 percent loss of excess weight
- Takes longer to lose weight
- Risk of leaks and bowel obstructions
- Patients need to avoid junk food
- Overeating and under-chewing can cause vomiting
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Content Updated: November 23, 2014