Miami Valley Hospital (MVH) Cardiac Services has been ranked among the best in Ohio for Cardiac Surgery and received a 5-Star rating for Cardiac Surgery. Learn more.
Thoracic surgery involves the surgical treatment of diseases affecting organs inside the chest. A thoracic surgeon is a medical doctor who performs surgery on the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other organs in the chest. These surgeons may also be called cardiothoracic surgeons or cardiovascular surgeons.
Thoracic Surgery at MVH
Chest trauma may be described as soreness or a sharp pain. The pain often worsens with breathing and the injured area is tender to the touch. Chest trauma injuries are divided into two categories:
- Penetrating trauma is an injury that occurs when an object pierces the skin and enters a tissue of the body, creating an open wound.
- Blunt chest trauma is when the body is slammed into a stationary object, such as a steering wheel in a motor vehicle accident.
Chest trauma injuries are treated at MVH’s Level I trauma center where a cardiothoracic surgeon is available 24 hours a day. Thoracic procedures and surgeries offered at MVH include:
Esophagogastrectomy – This is surgery to remove the esophagus and part of the stomach. The esophagus is then replaced in one of two ways: by moving the remaining portion of the stomach upwards, or by replacing it with a section of the large bowel (colonic reconstruction).
Hiatal Hernia Repair - This procedure corrects a defect in the diaphragm (breathing muscle), which separates the chest cavity from the abdominal cavity. A hiatal hernia occurs when the normal opening in the diaphragm is too large. If the defect is not repaired, the stomach or other abdominal contents may bulge (herniate) into the chest, causing heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux) and serious damage to the esophagus.
Thoracic Aneurysm Surgery – A thoracic aortic aneurysm is a bulge in the part of the aorta that passes through the chest (thorax). If the aneurysm becomes too wide or larger, your surgeon may recommend an open surgical or endovascular stent-graft repair.
Thoracotomy - Thoracotomy is when a surgeon makes an incision (cut) into the chest wall. This procedure provides access to the heart, esophagus, diaphragm, and the portion of the aorta that passes through the chest cavity. Lung cancer is the most common cancer requiring a thoracotomy.
Video-assisted Thoracoscopy (VAT) Surgery – This procedure is used to diagnose and treat chest and lung disorders. VATS can replace a traditional thoracotomy, which uses one larger incision to gain access to the chest. Video-assisted surgery allows the thoracic surgeon to accomplish the same goal as the comparable open procedure but with less pain and a shorter hospital stay.
Robotic Thoracic Surgery
MVH offers robotic surgery for many thoracic surgical procedures, including hiatial hernia repairs, lobectomies (removal of part of the lung), and esophagogastrectomies. Robotic surgery can offer many benefits to patients that traditional surgery and regular laparoscopic surgery cannot.
Learn more about Robotic Surgery.