Overview of Heart Surgery
When medication and other heart treatments do not relieve your symptoms, heart surgery may be your only option for a range of heart conditions. More than half a million heart surgeries are done each year in the United States for a variety of heart problems.
Miami Valley Hospital (MVH) Cardiac Services has been Five-Star rated for Cardiac Surgery. Learn more.
Cardiac surgery is a surgery on the heart and/or major blood vessels. It is done to treat complications of heart disease, correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease. A cardiac surgeon is a surgeon who performs cardiac surgery.
MVH Surgery Center has made great strides with less invasive heart procedures that lead to quicker recovery.
Traditional heart surgery, often called open heart surgery, is done by opening the chest wall to operate on the heart. Almost always, the chest is opened by cutting through a patient's breastbone. Once the heart is exposed, the patient is connected to a heart-lung bypass machine. The machine takes over the pumping action of the heart. This allows surgeons to operate on a still heart. A heart-lung machine (also called cardiopulmonary bypass) is usually used during conventional open heart surgery. It helps provide oxygen-rich blood to the brain and other vital organs.
MVH also offers robotic surgery for many cardiovascular surgical procedures, including coronary artery bypass grafts (CABG), heart valve surgeries, and coronary revascularizations. Robotic surgery can offer many benefits to patients that traditional surgery and regular laparoscopic surgery cannot.
Learn more about Robotic Surgery.
Heart Surgery at Miami Valley Hospital
Heart procedures and surgeries offered at MVH include:
Aortic Aneurysm Surgery – An aneurysm is a bulging part of a blood vessel that can occur anywhere in the body. When an aneurysm occurs in the aorta, the largest blood vessel in the body, it is either a thoracic aneurysm, located near the heart, or an abdominal aneurysm, located in the descending portion of the aorta. Surgery removes the “ballooning” portion of the vessel and replacing it with a graft, or tube of synthetic material, that won't rupture or tear.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery (CABG) - If one or more of your coronary arteries (the vessels that carry blood to your heart muscle) are blocked, blood can’t flow to the heart muscle. In this case, the heart muscle may die (heart attack). Coronary artery bypass surgery creates a path for blood to flow around a blockage and helps prevent a heart attack.
Heart Valve Repair & Replacement - Heart valve surgery is used to repair or replace diseased heart valves. MVH cardiac surgeons perform heart valve operations, including "minimally invasive" procedures that require only 3-inch incisions. The three basic ways to treat valve problems during surgery are repair of the valve, replacement with a mechanical valve or replacement with a tissue valve.
Intra-aortic Balloon Pump - The intra-aortic balloon pump is a common aid that allows a stressed heart muscle to rest and gain strength. A small, thin balloon at the end of a narrow, flexible tube is usually inserted into your leg and up into your heart. The balloon expands and deflates with each heartbeat, which boosts the pumping ability of your heart. The balloon is removed within a few days, when no longer needed.
Off-pump Coronary Bypass - Off-pump coronary artery bypass or "beating heart" surgery is a form of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery performed without cardiopulmonary bypass (heart-lung machine).
Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) - The left ventricle is the large, muscular chamber of the heart that pumps blood out to the body. A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is a battery-operated, mechanical pump-type device. It is surgically implanted to help the pumping ability of your heart that cannot effectively work on its own.
Right Ventricular Assist Device (RVAD) - Heart pumps used to support the right ventricle are usually used for the short-term after LVAD surgery or other heart surgery. An RVAD helps the right ventricle pump blood to the pulmonary artery which is the artery that carries blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen.
Biventricular Assist Device (Bi-VAD) - The two basic types of VADs are a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and a right ventricular assist device (RVAD). If both types are used at the same time, they may be called a biventricular assist device.
Learn more about What to Expect with Heart Surgery.