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Spine Conditions

Miami Valley Hospital’s (MVH) team of neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons work in collaboration with our trauma team to provide the best possible treatment for spinal injuries and conditions. Our physicians are experienced with the common, and not-so-common, spine conditions. In the event of a spinal cord injury or condition, you want our MVH experts on your team.

Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

Spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of motor and/or sensory function. Frequent causes of damage are trauma (car accident, gunshot) or disease (polio, spina bifida, and tumor). In most people with SCI, the spinal cord is damaged resulting in loss of function. The spinal cord does not have to be severed for a loss of function to occur.

Neck and Back Disorders

Ruptured or herniated discs (spinal stenosis and spondylosis) are common disorders treated by neurosurgeons (surgeons who specialize in the treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves). They may result in pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs. These disorders may be treated with physical therapy, injections, or surgery. Surgical intervention is sometimes the only option for resolution of the problem.

Herniated Disc
Discs are soft, rubbery pads found between the hard bones (vertebrae) that make up the spinal column. A disc herniates or ruptures when part of the center nucleus pushes through the outer edge of the disk and back toward the spinal canal. This puts pressure on the nerves. Spinal nerves are very sensitive to even slight amounts of pressure, which can result in pain, numbness, or weakness in arms and legs.

Spinal stenosis
Spinal stenosis (or narrowing) is a common condition that occurs when the small spinal canal that contains the nerve roots and spinal cord becomes restricted. This narrowing can squeeze the nerves and the spinal cord causing lower back, neck, arm and leg pain. In general, spinal narrowing is caused by osteoarthritis, or “wear and tear” arthritis, of the spinal column. This results in a “pinching” of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots.

Spondylosis
Spondylosis (spinal osteoarthritis) is a degenerative disorder that may cause loss of normal spinal structure and function. Although aging is the primary cause, the location and rate of degeneration is individual. The degenerative process of spondylosis may affect your cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), or lumbar (low back) regions of the spine.

Learn more about body aches and pinched nerves.