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Speech-Language Pathology

The Speech-Language Pathology program at the Miami Valley Hospital Rehabilitation Institute of Ohio treats patients experiencing swallowing, language, communication, voice, and speech impairments and disorders.

Language disorders include difficulty in understanding others (receptive language) or in sharing thoughts (expressive language). Someone who is unable to produce speech sounds correctly, or has problems creating vocal sounds, has a speech disorder.

Diagnosis

Swallowing, language, communication, voice, and speech disorders can affect both children and adults. Typically these disorders are the result of a medical condition the causes are varied. A program of care will be customized by our experienced Speech-Language 

Pathology team to specifically address an individual condition.

Conditions Treated

The symptoms associated with speech disorders vary from person to person. The Speech-Language Pathology team provides care for patients with conditions including impaired swallowing

Impaired swallowing (dysphagia) can include difficulty passing food, drink, or saliva from the mouth to the esophagus. Dysphagia can be caused by:

Impaired language or communication impaired language (Aphasia) ranges from difficulty remembering words to being completely unable to express or understand ideas, read, or write. Aphasia can be caused by:

Voice disorders consist of difficulty producing voice sounds (dysphonia) or the complete loss of voice (aphonia). Causes include vocal abuse, impairment of the vocal organs, or damage to the nerves connected to the muscles in the voice box (larynx).

Speech impairment is the inability to produce desired sounds to be clearly understood. Loss of speech can be caused by:

  • Apraxia of speech (AOS) – A disconnection between what the brain intends to say and the ability of the vocal organs to produce the desired sounds.
  • Dysarthria – A group of motor speech disorders that impair articulation because of a disturbance in the connection between the nervous system and vocal muscles.
  • Neurogenic speech disturbances – Including stuttering, are neurological impairments that prevent clear articulation.

Cognitive problems such as difficulty with thinking, perception, memory, attention, and reasoning can affect one’s ability to perform all aspects of daily life.

The goal of all treatment is to maximize communication by working to restore lost function, improve existing abilities, or enhance communication through alternative methods. Services are specific to each disorder, and include:

Impaired Language and Communication (Aphasia) Treatments

  • Augmentative and alternative communication (sign language, gestures, communication boards and books, and computer devices activated by pictures, voice or eye gaze)
  • Contextual content therapy
  • Conversational training
  • Direct-production training
  • Hierarchy cuing
  • Linguistic-specific treatment
  • Mapping therapy
  • Melodic intonation therapy
  • Modeling
  • PACE (Promoting Aphasics' Communicative Effectiveness)
  • Response Elaboration Training (RET)
  • Structured therapy (managing auditory comprehension deficits, managing message components, using context, and word retrieval)

Voice Disorder Treatments

  • Videostroboscopy (an evaluation of the vocal folds, throat, and voice box (larynx) using an endoscope connected to a video monitor and recorder)
  • Vocal hygiene recommendations and education
  • Voice therapy (vocal function exercises, resonant voice therapy, accent method)

Speech Impairment Treatments

Augmentative and alternative communication (sign language, gestures, communication boards and books, and computer devices activated by pictures, voice or eye gaze)

  • Behavioral management
  • Counseling and support
  • Intelligibility strategies
  • Articulation drills

Swallowing (Dysphagia) Program

The Swallowing (Dysphagia) Program at Miami Valley Hospital’s Rehabilitation Institute of Ohio provides comprehensive evaluation and therapy services to treat individuals who are experiencing difficulty swallowing.

Learn More

Speech Pathology Team 

The Speech Pathology team at Miami Valley Hospital is trained to provide a diverse range of treatments that specifically address each type of speech disorder. 

Preparing for Speech-Language Treatments

Premier Health Library

The Premier Health Library offers a wealth of information about speech-language treatments. Learn about conditions, treatments, how to prepare for surgery, and much more. 

Content Updated: December 8, 2014

These Miami Valley Hospital locations offer Rehabilitation Services.
Outpatient Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine at Coffman Family YMCA
90 Remick Blvd. Springboro, OH  45066
Rehabilitation at Claybourne Medical Center
1525 E. Stroop Rd. Kettering, OH  45429
Rehabilitation at Miami Valley Health Center Huber Heights
6251 Miami Valley Way Huber Heights, OH  45424
Rehabilitation at Miami Valley Hospital
One Wyoming St. Dayton, OH  45409
Rehabilitation at Miami Valley Hospital North
9000 N. Main St. Englewood, OH  45415
Rehabilitation at Miami Valley Hospital South
2400 Miami Valley Dr. Centerville, OH  45459
Rehabilitation at SureCare Medical Center
360 W. Central Ave. Springboro, OH  45066
Rehabilitation at the Wright Health Building
1222 S. Patterson Blvd. Dayton, OH  45402
Rehabilitation in Beavercreek
1244 Meadow Bridge Dr. Beavercreek, OH  45434
Rehabilitation in Jamestown
4940 Cottonville Rd. Jamestown, OH  45335
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